Ladakh is a region renowned for its remote mountain beauty ,culture and snow clad mountains.. It is the highest plateau of Jammu and Kashmir State, India and among the highest of the world's inhabited plateaus. It is also high altitude desert as monsoon clouds are prohibited from entering the region due rain shadow created by the Himalayas. Therefore it receives very less rainfall of around 50 mm annually. Ladakh, is also known by land of many passes. Due to its exquisite landscape and its culture it is also known by 'Moon Land', 'Magic Land', and 'Mysterious Land' . Region is bound by the Karakoram in the north , the Himalayas in the south and upper Indus valley. . Ladakh region is divided in Kargil and Leh districts. Kargil lies at an altitude of 2750m and Leh at 3505m. Leh is the largest town and main tourist town of Ladakh region. It has a wide temperature for the year,the summer temperatures exceed up to 35 ° C, while in winter they may drop to -40 ° C in some high altitude areas. Rainfall is very less due to the geographical location of Ladakh. The rainfall is around 50 mm annually.
Buddhism is the main religion of the majority of population of Leh District’. Buddhist Monastries (Gompas) are the most attractive feature of Leh. These are situated on the highest points of the mountain spurs or sprawl over cliffsides, located in vicinity of villages and provide focus for the faith of Buddhists. Ladakh is sometimes called “Little Tibet” as it has been strongly influenced by the Tibetan culture.
There are two road routes to enter in Ladakh. One is from Kashmir valley through Zojilla Pass and other from Manali in Himachal Pradesh. The Manali-Leh road is open only from May or June to October or November, when snow is cleared from several passes. The Srinagar-Leh road is open from April or May to November or December, and is generally blocked by snow through the winter only at Zoji-La Pass. The warm hospitality of ladakhi people and dry,clean air, beautiful makes Ladakh a truly memorable
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